Islamic Party and Pluralism: The View and Attitude of Masyumi towards Pluralism in Politics (1945-1960)

Vice Executive Director of InMind Institute Prof. Dr. Firman Noor, M.A. wrote research article about how Masyumi, a historic Islamic party in Indonesia views pluralism. His research is published on Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies of Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta at 2016. The PDF of this article is accessible at

This article discusses Masyumi’s response towards pluralism, particularly about the political diversity in the first fifteen years of Indonesia independent era. As the largest Islamic party in Indonesian history, Masyumi was well known by many as the champion of democracy and one of the essential elements in the nationalist movement. However, regarding pluralism, for some, Masyumi positive attitude on this matter has been doubtful, regarding this party as the guru of intolerance for some contemporary Islamic organisations. By exploring the ideals and practical aspects of this party, this article shows the nature of Masyumi’s view and attitude in answering political diversity that in the long run indicates the real position of this party in pluralism in politics. The discussion indicates that despite some weaknesses in the spirit of honouring the communists, Masyumi, in general, had proven its position as one of the essential elements in Indonesian political history that in many ways eager to develop and maintain the spirit of pluralism.

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