Abuya Dimyathi: A Charismatic Mursyid of Tarekat Syadziliyah During the New Order Regime (1977–1982)

Executive Director of InMind Institute Yon Machmudi, Ph.D. with J. Syarif wrote about charismatic leader of Tarekat Syadziliyah who opposed Soeharto regime. This article was published by Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group) on proceedings of The Asia-Pacific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities, Depok, Indonesia at 7–9 November 2016 and accessible at http://library.oapen.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.12657/31061/639851.pdf?sequence=1#page=487

Before the Indonesian presidential election of 1977, Kyai Haji Muhammad Dimyathi, known as Abuya Dimyathi, was arrested for opposing the government’s order for the Bantenese to support a party as he had already expressed in one of his Friday prayer sermons. His arrest, afterward, provoked strong reactions in various social classes and led to an outrage of violence in Banten, which the government could hardly control. However, the situation did not last long as Abuya Dimyathi handled it calmly. The purpose of this work is to study the life of Abuya and his role in the community, starting from his arrest during the New Order regime in 1977 until his death in 2003. It also includes the intellectual genealogy and the factors that motivated him to protest against the ruling regime. In this study, we use a historical method through narrative approach. Some theories on socio-religious movement and charismatic leadership were applied. Because of the non-availability of written sources, the data were mainly collected by conducting in-depth interviews with the people who witnessed the historical events and the present-day public figures.

image source: https://m.republika.co.id/berita/n9xfqf/abuya-dimyati-ulama-banten-yang-disegani-1

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