Executive Director of InMind Institute Yon Machmudi, Ph.D. wrote his research about new emergence of santri or Islamic devouts in Indonesia. His article is published by Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya or Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya on 2008 at Journal of Indonesian Islam and accessible at http://jiis.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/JIIs/article/download/24/24
The emergence of various categories of santri dating from the early establishment of the Soeharto regime to the current situation in Indonesia has shown the dynamics of the santri in Indonesia. This phenomenon is not monolithic but rather has involved many forms of cultural interaction and adaptation.
The processes of Islamisation in Indonesia remain an interesting subject to study. They represent different groups and religious orientations but have same interests, in particular on how they see the role of Islam in society and its relation with the state. Therefore, their presence in Indonesia should not bring conflict among different Islamic groups. They are assumed to contribute in enriching the practice of Islam in Indonesia and become model for their fellow around the world, including Muslims in the Middle East.